The snake sanctuary

This time, we come back down to Earth and look into a deadly Snake Sanctuary. Its name means land-clearing fire, it is located kilometers away from the Brazilian coast, its lush rainforest harbours some of the deadliest snakes on Earth, let’s enter the Ilha Queimada Grande…

Infographic on the golden lancehead snake on ilha queimada grande, brazil

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References (alphabetical order):
Atlas Obscura, Snake Island – Ilha da Queimada Grande. (!! some incorrect information on this site)
Guimaraes, M. et al. (2014) Population Dynamics of the Critically Endangered Golden Lancehead Pitviper, Bothrops insularis: Stability or Decline? PlosOne.
Marques, O.A.V et al. (2002). A jararaca da ilha da Queimada Grande. Ciência Hoje. (Portuguese)
Marques, O.A.V., et al. (2012) The golden lancehead Bothrops insularis (Serpentes: Viperidae) relies on two seasonally plentiful bird species visiting its island habitat. Journal of Natural History.
Marques, O.A.V., et al. (2013) Reproductive Ecology of the Threatened Pitviper Bothrops insularis from Queimada Grande Island, Southeast Brazil. Journal of Herpetology.
National Geographic, Welcome to Snake Island. (Video)
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, Bothrops insularis.
Vice, Snake Island. (Video)
Warrell, D.A. (2010) Snake Bite. The Lancet.
Wüster, W., Duarte, M.R and Salomão M.G. (2005) Morphological correlates of incipient arboreality and ornithophagy in island pitvipers, and the phylogenetic position of Bothrops insularis. Journal of Zoology.

Visual credits (order of appearance):
Background: Daintree Rainforest, Wikimedia.
Prefeitura Municipal Itanhaém via Flickr, Ilha Queimada Grande – Itanhaém.
Jararaca-ilhoa, Wikimedia.
Troglodytes muscules, Wikimedia.
Copyrighted photo: B., insularis by T., Mazuch.

Additional icons:
Modification of Blank World Map 1, Wikimiedia.
Yves Guillou via Open clip art, Serpent.
Freepik, Human skull with crossed bones silhouette.
Modification of an annotated diagram of the Venom apparatus of Russell’s viper, from Warrell, D.A. (2010) Snake Bite. The Lancet.
Freepik, Thunderbolt.
OCHA, Fire flames silhouette.

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