Europe’s only wild monkeys

Picture of a Barbary macaqueMan is not the only primate present in Europe. But would you know where to find the other one?
If you have ever been to the Rock of Gibraltar, in the South of Spain, you surely haven’t missed its main attraction, the macaques. If you have never been then know that these are the only wild monkeys present in Europe! Let’s explore in more details who they are…

Infographic on the Barbary macaque from Gibraltar
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Visual credits:
Mitchell, H. (2011) A family of Gibraltarian apes (3)
Slater, S. (2012) Barbary Macaque on a Gibraltar rooftop.
Map adapted from Blank World Map 6, Wikimedia commons.
Cummings, J. (2012) Barbary macaques at Prince Ferdinand’s Battery, Gibraltar.
Phylogenetic tree adapted from Modolo et al. (2012). PNAS.

References:
Encyclopedia of Life. Macaca sylvanus.
Fuentes, A. (2007) Humans, monkeys and the rock: the anthropogenic ecology of the Barbary Macques in the Upper Rock Nature Reserve, Gibraltar. Almoraima. Vol. 35.
Modolo, L., Salzburger, W. and Martin, R.D. (2005) Phylogeography of Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus) and the origin of the Gibraltar colony. PNAS. Vol. 102, n°20.
Shutt, K. (2007) Grooming in Barbary macaques better to give than to receive? Biology Letters. Vol. 3, pp. 231-233.
The Gibraltar Ornithological and Natural History Society. Barbary Macaques.
Wikipedia

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